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SNOW METEROLOGY-GLACIOLOGY

Mountain glaciers are highly sensitive to temperature and precipitation fluctuations and active geomorphic agents in shaping the landforms of glaciated regions which are direct imprints of past glaciations, providing reliable evidence of the evolution of the past Cryosphere and contain important information on climatic variables. But most importantly, glaciers have aroused a lot of concern in terms of glacier area changes, thickness change, mass balance, and their consequences on water resources as well as related hazards. The contribution of glacier mass loss to global sea-level rise and an increasing number of glacier-related hazards are the most important and current socioeconomic concerns. Therefore, understanding the dynamics of the changes and constant monitoring of glaciers are essential for studying climate, water resource management, and hydropower and also to predict and evading glacier-related hazards.

In the mountain range, the decrease in temperature and the moisture in the air up the snowfall is created and the continued snowfall increases the snow depth. Measuring the weather condition in remote areas produce a different type of snowfall and it is not evenly everywhere. The shape of the snowfall crystallize ice grows and the structure and optical properties of snow are different. We provide a smartly featured weather station that measures wind speed and direction, moisture, snowfall, temperature, and more parameters in all atmospheric conditions such as in the river of ice or glacier.

Glaciers are the most visible indicators of climate change, and the study of glacier parameters specifies the prevailing climate. The numbers of glaciological parameters which can be assessed and monitored by remote sensing technology are very long. The optical and radar data are equally valuable and useful for snow cover mapping, glacier area monitoring.

The glacier surges are abnormally rapid movement of large glacier parts with increased velocity due to the temporal instability of the glacier. The velocity of the glacier increases by an order of magnitude or more during the surging and the glaciers advance drastically. The glacier surges itself are not a hazard, but they induce and trigger other hazards such as ice/rock avalanches, outburst floods, blocking of river, instability of moraines and hence associated hazards. The phenomena of glacier surges are best monitored by high-frequency remote sensing data

Components of Weather Station for the Snow Meteorology and Glaciology:

Anemometer– Measures wind direction and speed.

Thermometer – Measures atmospheric temperature.

Barometer – Measures atmospheric pressure to predict precipitation

Hygrometer – Measures relative humidity using a percentage measure of water vapor in the air.